Concept of Physical Activity and Exercise as They Relate to Obesity in Humans.
There Is a Fine Balance Between Energy Intake and Energy Expenditure, Energy Intake Is in the Form of Food and Energy Expenditure Is in the Form of the Basal Metabolic Rate(BMR) and Physical Activity.
the Difference Between Energy Intake and Energy Expenditure Is the Net Energy Balance. If Intake Exceeds Expenditure Then a Net Positive Energy Balance Occurs.
Energy Expenditure Depends on a Number of Factors This Includes the Starting Body Weight the Basal Metabolic Rate and Physical Activity.
There Are Several Key Variables Including the Frequency Intensity Duration and Type of Activity Done.
Let Us Examine Energy Consumption 1 Honey Glazed Donut..,
Is Shown Which Has Approximately 300 Kilocalories the Energy Intake from the Consumed Donut Is Equal to the Energy Consumed by Moderate Walking for 30 to 60 Minutes at 3 Miles Per Hour
If an Individual Walks Daily for One Hour at Approximately 3 Miles Per Hour This Type of Activity Would Lead to Weight Loss.
This Assumes That the Individual Does Not Consume Any Extra Calories and Has a Net Negative Energy Expenditure If This Continues for a Period of Two to Four Months Body Weight Is Reduced as Depicted the Initial Weight Loss Is the Result of a Negative Net Energy Balance.
the Negative Energy Balance Is Because Energy Expenditure Exceeds Energy Intake After the Initial Weight Loss the Individual Continues to Do the Same Type of Exercise That Is One Hour of Moderate Walking Daily.
the Chart Depicts Changes in Body Weight Over Time. Individuals Are Often Frustrated and Surprised That the Weight Is Not Continuing to Decrease Despite Regular Walking They Have Reached a Plateau.
The Reason Behind the Weight Loss Plateau Is That with Decreased Body Weight the Basal Metabolic Rate Also Decreases. When the Basal Metabolic Rate Decreases There Is a Decrease in Total Energy Expenditure.
If the Discouraged Individual Quits Their Daily Walking Exercise the Weight Is Gained Again at a Quicker Pace. the Weight Is Regained as a Result of a Positive Energy Balance Being Created.
Energy Expenditure Is Now Less Since the Physical Activity Has Been Stopped.
Keeping the Same Intensity and Duration of Walking Without Making Any Changes in the Diet.
Energy Intake the Individual Would Enter a Weight Maintenance Phase. This Is Characterized by Gaining a Small Amount of Weight.
The Weight Maintenance Is the Result of an Energy Balance Being Established Within the Body Where Energy Intake Essentially Equals Energy Expenditure If There Is No Change in Energy Balance There Will Not Be Any Further Change in Weight.
What Must Be Done to End the Weight Loss Plateau Several Options Exist to Maintain a Negative Net Energy Balance,
These Involve Either Decreasing Calories Intake or Increasing Energy Expenditure Options Include Restricting Calories Further or Increasing the Frequency or the Intensity or the Duration of the Exercise.
Weight Loss Plateaus Are Expected and Can Only End with Continued Exercise and a Net Negative Energy Balance.
Stopping Exercise or Increasing Calories Will Lead to Weight Gain If One Continues to Exercise to Maintain a Net Negative Energy Balance Weight Loss Will Be Promoted